Western Mediterranean basin, development Cuba.
Date of Publication of the Valid Original Standard:
Utilization: Companion and toy dog. FCI
Classification: Group 9 Companion and toy dogs Section 1
Bichons and related breeds without working trial.
breed comes from the Western Mediterranean region and has
developed along the Spanish and Italian coastal region. It
would seem that these dogs were imported early in Cuba by
ocean navigating Italian captains. Erroneously, the most
frequent brown colour of these dogs (tobacco) gave birth
to the legend which would mean it to be a breed
originating from Havana, capital of Cuba. The political
events however have led to the total disappearance of the
old blood Iines of the Havanese in Cuba; apparently a few
dogs could be successfully smuggled out from Cuba; their
descendants have survived in the U.S.A.
The Havanese ls a sturdy little dog, low on his legs,
lively and quick; with long abundant hair, soft and
Important Proportions: The length of the muzzle (tip of
nose to stop) is equal to the distance between the stop
and the occipital protuberance. The relation
between the length of the trunk (measured from the point
of the shoulder to the point of the buttock), and the
height at the withers is of 4/3.
lively and talented, he is easy to train as alarm dog.
Affectionate, of a happy nature, he is attractive, a
charmer, playful and even a bit of a clown. He loves
children and plays endlessly with them.
Head: Of medium length, the relation between the length of
the head and that of the body (measured f rom the withers
to the base of the tai]) is of 3/7.
Skull: Flat to very slightly rounded, broad;
forehead hardly rising; seen from above it is rounded at
the back and almost straight and square on the other three
Stop: Moderately marked.
Muzzle: Narrowing progressively and slightly
towards the nose but neither snipey nor truncated.
Lips: Fine, lean, tight.
Jaw/Teeth: Scissor bite. A complete dentition is
desirable. The absence of premolars 1 (PM1) and molars 3
(N3) is tolerated.
Cheeks: Very flat, not prominent.
Eyes: Quite big, almond shape, of brown colour as
dark as possible. Kind expression. The eyes rims must be
dark brown to black.
Ears: Set relatively high; they fall along the
cheeks forming a discreet fold which raises them slightly.
Their extremity is in a lightly rounded point. They are
covered with hair in long fringes. Neither propeller ears
(sticking sideways), nor stuck to the cheeks.
Neck: Of medium length.
Body: The length of the body is slightly superior
to that of the height at the withers.
Topline: Straight, slightly arched over the loin.
Croup: Noticeably inclined.
Ribs: Well sprung.
Belly (abdomen): Well tucked up.
Tail: Carried high, either in shape of a crozier or
preferably rolled over the back; it is furnished with
feathering of long silky hair.
Forequarters: Forelegs straight and parallel, lean;
good hone structure. The distance from the ground to the
elbow must not he greater than that between the elbow and
Hindquarters: Good bone structure; moderate
Feet: Of slightly elongated shape; small; tight
Gait/Movement: According to his happy nature, the
Havanese has a strikingly light-footed and quick gait;
forelegs with free stride and pointing straight forward,
the hindlegs giving them the impulsion and moving in a
woolly and not very developed; it is often totally absent.
The topcoat is very long (12-18 cm in an adult dog), soft,
flat or wavy and may form curly strands. All grooming, the
use of scissors and all trimming to even out the length of
the coat is forbidden. Exception: tidying up the hair on
the feet is permitted, the hair on the forehead may be
slightly shortened so that it does not cover the eyes and
the hair on the muzzle may be slightly tidied up, but it
is preferable to leave it in natural length.
Colour of the Coat: There are two varieties of
1) Rarely completely pure white, fawn in its different
shades of light fawn to havana-brown (tobacco colour,
reddish brown); markings in those colours of coat; slight
blackened overlay admitted.
2) Black, admitted colours (white, light fawn to
havana-brown) with black markings.
from 23 to 27 cm.
Tolerance: of 21 to 29 cm.
departure from the foregoing points should be considered a
fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be
regarded in exact proportion to its
lacking in type.
Truncated or snypey muzzle, length not identical to that
of the skull.
Bird of prey eyes; eyes too deep set or prominent, rims of
eyelids partially depigmented.
Body to long or to short
"French" front (Pastern too close, feet turned
Deformed hind feet.
Straight tail, not carried high.
Coat harsh, not abundant, hair short exept on puppies,
Upper or lower
Ectropion, entropion, rim of eyelids of one or both eyes
Size over or under the indicated norms of the
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles
fully decended into the scrotum.